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As kidney disease progresses, nutritional needs change as well. If you have reduced kidney function, your doctor may recommend that you change your diet to protect your kidneys.

You can prevent or delay health problems from chronic kidney disease (CKD) by eating the right foods and avoiding foods high in phosphorus, potassium, and sodium. Eating too much protein can also burden the kidneys and speed the progression of CKD. Protein foods like meat and dairy products break down into nitrogen and creatinine, waste products that healthy kidneys remove from the blood. But diseased kidneys can’t stop waste products from building up in the blood and causing health problems.

With reduced kidney function, you may need to start paying attention to the protein, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium content of the foods you eat. Learning about your food will help you understand what changes you need to make.


Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, what you eat affects your blood glucose, the body’s main source of energy. Following a meal plan to keep your blood glucose at a healthy level may prevent CKD from developing.

Talk with your health care provider about your blood glucose targets and ask how often to check your blood glucose level. The results from your blood glucose checks will tell you if your diabetes care plan is working. Also ask your doctor for an A1C test at least twice a year. The A1C number reflects your average blood glucose for the past 3 months.

Following regular habits can help keep your blood glucose at a healthy level

  • Eat about the same amount of food each day.
  • Eat your meals and snacks at about the same times each day.
  • Do not skip meals or snacks.
  • Take your medicines at the same times each day.
  • Participate in physical activity every day.

High Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is expressed as two numbers. The top number represents the force of your blood pushing against the artery walls when your heart beats. The lower number represents the pressure between beats. Normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mmHg. It is recommended that people with kidney disease keep their blood pressure below 130/80 mmHg.

As blood pressure rises, the risk of damage to arteries, heart, brain, and kidneys increases. Controlling blood pressure through healthy food choices and regular physical activity can delay or prevent the development of chronic kidney disease.

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