Aphthous Ulcers is basically a skin disease typical to youth, but Aphthous Ulcers may occur to the people at any age. Aphthous mouth ulcers are painful sores that can occur anywhere inside the mouth. They are the most common type of mouth ulcer. At least 1 in 5 people develop aphthous mouth ulcers at some stage in their life. Women are affected more often than men.
We have provided you here all symptoms, causes and treatment methods of Aphthous Ulcers. Aphthous ulcers are commonly present in certain medical conditions. Many of these conditions are associated with impaired immune systems and include Behcet's disease, HIV/AIDS, gluten-sensitive enteropathy, Crohn's disease and inflammatory bowel disease.
There are basically 3 types of aphthous ulcers:
- Recurrent minor aphthous ulcers, which occur in up to 80% of aphthous ulcer cases. They are usually less than 5mm in diameter and heal within 1-2 weeks.
- Major aphthous ulcers, which are large ulcers (more than 10mm) that take weeks or months to heal and do so with scarring.
- Herpetiform ulcers, which are multiple pinpoint ulcers that heal within a month. These are most commonly on the tongue.
Causes of Aphthous Ulcers
Some factors that seem to trigger outbreaks of ulcers include:
- Emotional stress and lack of sleep
- Mechanical trauma, for example self-inflicted bite
- Nutritional deficiencies, particularly vitamins B, iron, and folic acid
- Certain foods including chocolate
- Certain toothpastes
- Menstrual cycle
Treatment of Aphthous Ulcers
Methods For Treating Aphthous Ulcers are :
- Protective pastes that form a barrier over the ulcer so that exposure to irritating substances is reduced.
- Where available, superficial tissue cauterization using Debacterol® or use a silver nitrate stick
- Numbing agents such as the local anaesthetics benzocaine and lignocaine to help reduce pain.
- Antibacterial mouthwashes to reduce secondary infection.
- Avoid products or food that you know trigger or exacerbate ulcers.
- Improve diet or take dietary supplements of vitamins or minerals that you may be lacking in.
- Reduce stress!
- Prescription topical corticosteroids such as Kenalog in Orabase® or Oracort® are sometimes used in very painful and hard to heal ulcers.
- Calcineurin inhibitors such as topical pimecrolimus or tacrolimus.
- In severe cases, oral colchicine, dapsone and perhaps thalidomide.
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