What Is Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery ?
Oral-Maxillofacial Surgery is a surgical specialty which involves the diagnosis, surgery and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and aesthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.
More simply put, the oral and maxillofacial surgeon is the orthopedic surgeon of the facial region. He or she is an individual who addresses problems ranging from the removal of impacted teeth to the repair of facial trauma.
What is Maxillofacial Surgery ?
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of congenital or acquired diseases, dysfunction, defects or injuries of the mouth, jaws, face, neck and associated regions. Maxilla refers to the jaws - lower maxilla or lower jaw is currently called the mandible and the term maxilla refers to the upper jaw. A specialty of dentistry that includes the diagnosis, surgical, and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects involving both the functional and aesthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial regions.
Orthognathic surgery combines orthodontic treatment with surgery of the jaw to correct or establish a stable functional balance between the teeth, jaws and facial structures. The goal of maxillofacial surgery is to treat any jaw imbalance and the resulting incorrect bite, which could adversely affect the cosmetic (esthetic) appearance as well as the proper functioning of the teeth. This involves diagnosis, treatment planning and execution of treatment, by combining orthodontics and oral/maxillofacial surgery to correct musculoskeletal, dento-osseous and soft tissue deformities of the jaws and associated structures. <
Evaluation And Diagnosis Of Maxillofacial Surgery :-
The most important aspect of overall patient management is thorough evaluation and diagnosis.
Patient evaluation for Maxillofacial surgery can be divided into four main areas:
· Patient concerns or chief complaints
· Clinical examination
· Radiographic and imaging analysis (x-rays)
· Dental model analysis
After an examination by each of the orthognathic surgery team members (dentist, orthodontist and maxillofacial/oral surgeon), a diagnosis and coordinated treatment plan is prepared. The complete process usually takes place in several stages over the course of one to two years.
Process Of Maxillofacial Surgery :-
Any general dental maintenance, prevention or restoration should be performed prior to orthodontic and surgical intervention. Then, the first stage of treatment is the alignment of the teeth into a stable relationship with the underlying jaw by orthodontics, which prepares the dental arches for the surgical repositioning. This stage usually takes the longest, from a few months to over a year. At this stage, the abnormal bite (malocclusion) may become more noticeable. Once ready for the surgical procedures, the orthodontist and maxillofacial surgeon will review photographs, x-ray and dental models to finalize the surgical plan. The operation may involve a single jaw or both jaws .
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